选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
荷兰选民想要更多的素食食品和较少的肉类。政府是否应作为荷兰气候变化政策的一部分采取行动?|Istock.

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待

普罗韦格表示,大多数荷兰选民将支持政府加大干预力度,推广植物性食品,减少肉类消费。

The Dutch government aims to reduce meat consumption over the next decade as part of the Netherlands’ climate change targets; but a new study shows that up to seventy percent of Dutch people want their government to do even more to promote plant-based food.

Plant-based food advocacy group ProVeg Netherlands commissioned the poll at the end of 2020, and Amsterdam-based voter research bureau Kieskompas carried out the study itself. It included 8,575 participants, the vast majority of which supported increasingly ambitious and directive action by the Dutch government in reducing the production and consumption of meat and dairy.

根据ProVeg的数据,目前,荷兰政府的目标是到2025年或2030年,在荷兰饮食中动物和植物蛋白质的比例达到50:50。然而,民调显示,选民们更为雄心勃勃,到2025年,平均建议分成40-60人(支持植物性食品),未来五年将减少约33.3%。

“This research shows convincingly that not only are Dutch people open to reducing their meat consumption individually, but they want their government to lead on it,”说ProVeg president and CEO Sebastian Joy in a statement sent to LIVEKINDLY.

Overall, 63 percent of the Dutch public are in favor of ProVeg’s 50-by-40 target, which aims for a 50 percent reduction in animal consumption worldwide by 2040.

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
荷兰超市比以往任何时候都超过素食肉MaudeFrédériqueLavoie/ Outplash

素食主义者荷兰:气候变化,流行病和健康

The European plant-based food sector, in general, grew by 49 percent in the last two years alone, andthe Netherlands报告称,素食需求增加,动物蛋白销量下降。2017年至2021年间,荷兰超市的素食肉类产品总量增长了51%。

“Over the past five years The Netherlands have seen an unparalleled increase in consumer interest in plant based alternatives for meat and dairy,”explained Joy.“With these categories showing double- or even triple-digit growth percentages.”

Seventy-two percent of ProVeg’s respondents believe that people should reduce animal products in favor of vegan and plant-based swaps, and 80 percent also believe that this will help reduce the risk of generatingzoonotic disease outbreaks在COVID-19大流行之后。

虽然85%的新研究参与者认为饮食应该仍然是个人的选择,但70%的人认为政府应该鼓励以植物为基础的选择,13%的人赞成限制食用动物产品。

荷兰并不是唯一一个建议减少肉类消费以缓解气候变化的国家governmentcouncils around the world are promoting plant-based food as both a sustainable and a healthy choice.

A growing body of scientific evidence highlights the健康风险环境足迹of animal products (andred meat,尤其是)。

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
超过50%的咨询支持所有10个措施|Istock.

有助于促进植物性食品的10项政策措施

These 10 policy measures to promote plant-based food are all favored by the majority of the Dutch voting population. Notably, they are also favored by a majority of those who typically vote for parties less motivated to reduce meat consumption.

For example, while sitting Prime Minister Mark Rutte’s right-wing VVD party has failed to make any strong commitments to reduced meat consumption, its voters agree with seven out of the 10 policy measures listed below — all but two, four, and 10. This indicates that the desire to swap out animal products crosses political lines amongst voters themselves, regardless of current party policy.

“人们越来越认识到,我们的食物选择是一个具有如此多样化的全球后果的问题,它超越了个人的喜好,应该被放在国家和国际政治议程的首位。”说快乐。

PROVOVEG确定了这种促进植物的食物的方法列表,并根据荷兰人群的青睐,减少动物消费。超过50%的咨询选民支持所有10个措施。

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
绝大多数受访者都赞成增加植物性食品的推广,即素食屠夫

刺激人们多吃植物性食物

72%的人喜欢。最近的一项研究发表在Science Directshowed that clear labeling on foods significantly encourages consumers to make more sustainable choices. Including those who said they prefer not to know more about the production of their food.

减少全国养殖的牲畜数量

54%的人喜欢。减少全国生产的牲畜数量将使荷兰更接近其气候变化目标,包括到2030年减少49%的碳排放。根据统计,2016年荷兰农场有超过1亿只动物。

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
Factory farming maximizes efficiency of production, but at the cost of animal welfare, the environment, and human health | Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg via Getty Images

禁止工厂化养殖

Favored by 60 percent. In addition to its considerable animal welfare criticisms,集约化畜牧业有助于气候变化,生物多样性损失和粮食不安全。它对边缘化的社区产生负面影响,并且可以是包括H1N1或“猪流感”等疾病的重要载体,对荷兰选民特别关注。

介绍更高的肉类税

52%的人喜欢。研究表明,对肉类征税有助于改善人类健康,包括减少慢性可预防疾病。更高的肉taxwould also better reflect the impact of animal agriculture on the environment, particularly when directly compared with plant-based proteins.

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
有些人认为,肉类的高环境成本应该反映在最终价格中Nicolas Delaunay通过Getty Images

禁止动物产品的大幅折价销售

Favored by 75 percent. In 2020, the Dutch House of Representatives received一封信from the cabinet advising an accurate price for meat and more affordable fruit and vegetables. This was based on a proposal from the broad True Animal Protein Price Coalition (TAPP Coalition).

“The coalition has found that too little is paid for meat. This results in negative impact on the climate, deforestation, reduced animal welfare, high healthcare costs and low incomes for farmers,”Pier Vellinga, chairman of the TAPP Coalition.“公平但略高的肉价大大有助于解决这些问题。”

肉类生产是资源密集型,折扣价格并不代表创造动物蛋白质的全面环境成本。它还鼓励更多的强化生产方法,并且可以在富裕国家延续高肉食。

Overall, meat production has nearly tripled in the last 60 years. According toThe World Counts,到2021年为止,人类已经吃掉了近9000万吨肉类。

牲畜养殖的最终政府补贴

58%的人喜欢。在美国、英国和荷兰等富裕国家,政府补贴畜牧业。欧盟近20%的预算用于支持动物农业,欧洲甚至每年提供2亿欧元(约2.35亿美元)用于“推广”农产品。

近几年来,这项预算中约有6000万欧元用于肉类营销活动,包括小牛肉等有争议的产品。

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
对以植物为基础的部门而不是动物农业进行补贴,可能会带来更多的无肉选择,或许会更快地实现与传统肉类的价格平价| Niels Wenstedt via Getty Images

补贴素食者和细胞替代品

青睐72%。通过补贴动物产品的替代品,荷兰政府可以帮助促进素食和动物肉之间的新的,可持续的蛋白质和加速价格平价。这也可以帮助荷兰满足其气候变化目标。

增加商店和餐馆素食选项的可用性

Favored by 80 percent. An often-cited reason to try vegan meat is curiosity, and expanding plant-based ranges help introduce these foods to more people. Bothdedicated vegan sections和integrated vegan/animal-based protein sections help encourage flexitarians to try new meat-free options, and enable curious consumers to make direct swaps more easily.

选民对荷兰气候变化政策的十大期待
动物产品有助于气候变化,降低肉类和乳制品的整体可用性可以帮助减少消费通过Getty Images romy Arroyo Fernandez

Decrease the availability of animal-based products

61%的人喜欢。减少动物产品的供应,特别是同时增加植物性食品的供应,也有助于鼓励人们选择不同的食品。当一个全球性的vegan diet对健康和气候都是最佳选择,这种变化不可能一蹴而就。但是,从那些能够减少动物产品的人逐步转变是朝着正确方向迈出的一步。

限制基于动物的产品的生产

58%的人喜欢。最终,过度生产是畜牧业对环境影响的主要问题。回到2018年,一键study发现如果我们要减轻气候变化并拯救全球,肉类生产的减少绝对必要food system.

每年在全球范围内养殖约700亿只动物,并根据世界养殖的同情,这可能会加倍到2050年。假设同比稳步增长,这将是2030年额外的233亿只动物 - 最终截止日期我们必须有一半的全球排放。