什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
粮食不安全高于全国平均水平的群体包括与儿童的家庭。|Istock.

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?

什么是粮食不安全,导致它的原因是什么,受其影响,我们如何帮助防止它在我们的社区中?

Having a choice on what to eat for lunch, being able to easily access the ingredients to make it, having the financial resources to obtain it, and not worrying about how or what you are going to eat tomorrow or next week is a privilege. Food insecurity disproportionately affects Black and Latinx single-mother households and those living below the poverty line. In 2019,900万成年人和530万儿童在美国住在食品不安全的家庭。那么我们如何更好地了解食物不安全,也是解决它的一部分?

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
粮食不安全是一种紧急的公共卫生危机和种族司法问题。|Joel Muniz / Outplash

什么是食物不安全?

食物一世nsecurity refers to living with that constant worry of not knowing what, how, or when an individual or family will have their next meal.This is an urgent public health crisis and racial justice issue that requires everyone’s attention. Even those not experiencing food insecurity likely know people who might be. Providing support to those experiencing food insecurity not only helps them, but it also strengthens our communities.

For Black, Latinx, and similarly historically marginalized groups, racial and economic inequality directly increase the risk of food insecurity in those communities. By becoming informed on how various forms of inequality deliberately determine who is food-insecure, and our role in perpetuating it, we can ultimately learn how to contribute to its prevention.

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
Who experiences most from food insecurity? | Katherine Ziegler / iStock

谁经历粮食不安全?

根据这一点U.S. Department of Agriculture, food insecurity is defined as“缺乏一致的进入足够的食物以积极健康的生活。”

即使由于缺乏食物粮食不安全,它常常对饥饿性或不适感到困惑,但缺乏食物粮食不安全是指获取食物和财务资源的获取能够提供资金。

喂养美国的调查结果“Hunger + Health“倡议揭示了家庭与被认为是粮食不安全的家庭的特征。根据这一点USDA在研究各种粮食不安全范围,大部分户口报告的成年人面临粮食不安全的指标。

Of these households, 97 percent reported feeling worried about their household food running out before having the income to purchase more. The same size group of adults reported that they often limited their food consumption by reducing meal sizes—or even skipping meals entirely due to a lack of financial resources available—with 89 percent of these adults reporting that this occurred in three or more months per year.

These lived experiences are very real and challenging uncertainties that people have always faced, but only recently began to be officially reported by the United States in the 1990s. In 2021, with the obstacles our country and world began to face in 2020 and continue to encounter due to the ongoing challenges of a public health crisis, food insecurity is at an all-time high.

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
大流行具有加剧的食物不安全。|Jim Davis / Boston Globe通过Getty Images

Covid-19如何影响食物不安全?

喂养美国喂养的说法,粮食不安全问题人们面临着人们面临的人们面临的危机已经重要,并且由于大流行而变得进一步加剧。

由于2007年的大次衰退以来,我们在美国看到了最高的失业率,这意味着较少的收入,甚至不可避免地对家庭的表格更少。对于儿童来说,从人入学到在线学习的过渡意味着许多自由午餐所取得的午餐越来越难以访问,在某些情况下,无法访问。在2020年的过程中,约有1500万儿童,或5个经验丰富的粮食不安全。

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of food insecurity in the United States was the lowest it had ever been in more than 20 years. Even though that may sound like a huge success, at least 1 in 9 adults and 1 in 7 children lived in a food-insecure household. In other words, about 35.2 million people, including 10.7 million children, were food insecure, according to findings from喂养美国对2020年和2021年的报告对冠状病毒的影响

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
粮食不安全受种族和经济不平等的影响。|Jim Davis / Boston Globe通过Getty Images

如何受到种族和经济不平等的食物不安全?

大流行是一种明确的证明,生活在贫困线上的人们仍然有粮食不安全的风险,以及生活在贫困线以下的所有人如何经历粮食不安全。更频繁的是,还有其他因素,例如一个人的种族背景和社会经济地位,这在确定其影响方面发挥了重要因素。

For Black, Latinx, and Native American communities, food insecurity is experienced at a much higher proportion due to discimination and structural racism. The disproportionate impact is evident when only 1 in 12 white individuals inhabit a food-insecure environment, while 1 in 4 Native American, 1 in 5 Black, and 1 in 6 Latinx individuals live in a food-insecure household.

由于历史上历史上的政策,以保持BIPOC社区被压迫,很明显粮食不安全是一种种族股权问题。通过在低工资工作中,经历失业和不公平的教育途径或职业,歧视并系统地歧视,从没有经济机会被困在几代人的贫困

贫困率明显,粮食不安全的领先和根本原因是明显的。虽然只有9.1%的白人个人经历贫困,但大约15.7%的拉丁人和18.8%的黑人生活在贫困中 - 约为他们的白色同行量的两倍,揭示了由于影响力的角色关系和经济不公正而存在的明显差异有食品可行性。

什么是粮食不安全,以及我们如何帮助?
有儿童的家庭受到粮食不安全的影响。|Robyn Beck / AFP通过Getty Images

Who Is Affected by Food Insecurity?

Groups where food insecurity was higher than the national average includes all households with children which makes up about 14 percent, Latinx households at 16 percent, Black households at 19 percent, and most significantly, households with children headed by a single woman at 29 percent, according to数据reported by the USDA.

合并后,许多这些家庭主要是由单身女性领导的黑人和拉丁克的低收入家庭。这些低收入家庭的颜色也受到各种重叠问题的影响,粮食不安全只是对清单的另一种补充。BIPOC社区面临的交叉问题,例如缺乏对经济适用住房,低工资和更大的健康问题导致医疗成本提高。从这里我们可以得出结论,粮食不安全不是一个孤立的问题。种族和经济不平等之间存在明显的联系,从缺乏对财政资源和永久性的影响social determinants of health

How Can We Prevent Food Insecurity?

Addressing the overlapping challenges and intersectional issues BIPOC communities face is an essential first step.

由于健康的社会决定因素,首先了解为什么粮食不安全的情况和原因是直接和最大影响颜色的群落的情况至关重要。这些决定簇包括人们的环境中的条件“出生,生活,学习,工作,娱乐,崇拜,和年龄that affect a wide range of health, functioning and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.”

Even though preventing food insecurity goes far beyond recognizing that it is an increasingly prevalent issue in America and across the globe, it is critical to formulate tangible solutions in determining our next steps. Taking action to mitigate our own impact on contributing to food insecurity requires us to:

Reduce Food Waste

根据“的全球约13亿吨食物”联合国的粮食和农业组织。由于过量生产而不是浪费食物,并且可以促使其支付金融资源的减少,我们必须敦促公司和食品服务提供商向食品银行,互助群体,庇护所,社区计划和有需要的其他人捐赠多余的食物。

把它扔掉,这不仅浪费食物本身,而且还浪费了用于生产它的水和土地资源。零售商,食品服务提供商和消费者所作的决定和行动应该符合公众的利益,而不是为了公司的利润。

了解有关食物垃圾的更多信息以及如何防止它这里

倡导气候正义

As the climate crisis继续发展,移动气候模式直接影响农业生产,可用性,访问,质量和我们全球食品系统的稳定性。

同样地,与天气有关的灾害,甚至缺乏诸如干旱,继续上升,有效地降低我们在主食食品中使用的主要作物的产量。最后,当提到作物的营养价值时,CO2水平的增加会降低我们的作物携带的营养量,进一步促进营养不良,缺乏饮食多样性,以及健康效果的兴起。

To combat the effects of climate change, we must first take responsibility for both mitigating the causes of the climate crises and focus on supporting low and middle-income communities who are most directly impacted by its effects.

支持基于植物的农业食品系统

Reducing the consumption of meat and other animal products and transitioning to plant-based eating can have an immensely positive impact on the availability of food. The impact of plant-based foods—and a global shift to plant farms instead of animal agriculture—will result in a significant decrease in food insecurity.

Since plant-based alternatives require少于牛肉,猪肉,乳制品或家禽的农业用地少,这将给我们的机会to provide more agricultural systems that do not require excessive use of land or resources—such as water or production of crops used for livestock—that could be preserved for global human consumptionto eliminate world hunger

Not only is animal agriculture a threat to the health of our humanity as it increases the risk of diseases and various forms of cancer, it is a driving force behind the climate crisis. It further contributes to food insecurity as it results in the loss of biodiversity,depletion of freshwater supplies, and stress on food-producing systems

Ultimately, this will allow for the production of more food to feed populations overall. When we shift from our traditional food systems and intake and transition to plant-based agricultural systems, the amount of communities experiencing food insecurity drastically decreases.

Support BIPOC Farms and Community Nonprofits Fighting for Food Equity

2021年的美国救援法由Joe Biden总裁签署的不仅承诺对BIPOC农业和食品企业的财务救济,但亚博滚球历史悠久的救济包旨在作为黑农的赔偿。

全国各地,通过努力促进股权以保护可持续的素食食品系统,有黑色LED组织致力于黑色解放和食品司法。

TheNational Black Food and Justice Alliance致力于通过创造互动运动来保护黑色的土地和向食物主权努力工作的争夺性的运动来为黑色城市和农村农民和组织者服务。这个联盟由各种组织组成,例如Black Church Food Security Networkwhich serves to connect churches to Black-led farms, including plant-based ones, across the country from Texas to Massachusetts.

我们都可以通过支持在粮食司法,气候正义和植物的饮食中努力工作的地方和国家组织来打击粮食不安全危机的重大影响。

With organizations such as富发的世界领导道路,国际粮食安全组织推进植物的食物和农业,支持这些努力和加入变革的运动对实现粮食安全至关重要。了解有关粮食不安全如何影响国会区,州甚至县的各种人口和群体的更多信息,利用喂养美国的“映射膳食差距“交互式工具。

粮食不安全是跨美国持续的问题社区和全球持续存在。我们可以共同努力,实现基于社区的解决方案,满足需求和独特的挑战,BIPoc社区遭遇,有助于减少食物废物,最终完全消除它,并加入争夺种族,经济和气候正义作为盛会的争夺承认粮食安全的独特特权的公民。