Having a choice on what to eat for lunch, being able to easily access the ingredients to make it, having the financial resources to obtain it, and not worrying about how or what you are going to eat tomorrow or next week is a privilege. Food insecurity disproportionately affects Black and Latinx single-mother households and those living below the poverty line. In 2019,900万成年人和530万儿童在美国住在食品不安全的家庭。那么我们如何更好地了解食物不安全，也是解决它的一部分？
食物一世nsecurity refers to living with that constant worry of not knowing what, how, or when an individual or family will have their next meal.This is an urgent public health crisis and racial justice issue that requires everyone’s attention. Even those not experiencing food insecurity likely know people who might be. Providing support to those experiencing food insecurity not only helps them, but it also strengthens our communities.
For Black, Latinx, and similarly historically marginalized groups, racial and economic inequality directly increase the risk of food insecurity in those communities. By becoming informed on how various forms of inequality deliberately determine who is food-insecure, and our role in perpetuating it, we can ultimately learn how to contribute to its prevention.
根据这一点U.S. Department of Agriculture, food insecurity is defined as“缺乏一致的进入足够的食物以积极健康的生活。”
Of these households, 97 percent reported feeling worried about their household food running out before having the income to purchase more. The same size group of adults reported that they often limited their food consumption by reducing meal sizes—or even skipping meals entirely due to a lack of financial resources available—with 89 percent of these adults reporting that this occurred in three or more months per year.
These lived experiences are very real and challenging uncertainties that people have always faced, but only recently began to be officially reported by the United States in the 1990s. In 2021, with the obstacles our country and world began to face in 2020 and continue to encounter due to the ongoing challenges of a public health crisis, food insecurity is at an all-time high.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of food insecurity in the United States was the lowest it had ever been in more than 20 years. Even though that may sound like a huge success, at least 1 in 9 adults and 1 in 7 children lived in a food-insecure household. In other words, about 35.2 million people, including 10.7 million children, were food insecure, according to findings from喂养美国对2020年和2021年的报告对冠状病毒的影响。
For Black, Latinx, and Native American communities, food insecurity is experienced at a much higher proportion due to discimination and structural racism. The disproportionate impact is evident when only 1 in 12 white individuals inhabit a food-insecure environment, while 1 in 4 Native American, 1 in 5 Black, and 1 in 6 Latinx individuals live in a food-insecure household.
贫困率明显，粮食不安全的领先和根本原因是明显的。虽然只有9.1％的白人个人经历贫困，但大约15.7％的拉丁人和18.8％的黑人生活在贫困中 - 约为他们的白色同行量的两倍，揭示了由于影响力的角色关系和经济不公正而存在的明显差异有食品可行性。
Who Is Affected by Food Insecurity?
Groups where food insecurity was higher than the national average includes all households with children which makes up about 14 percent, Latinx households at 16 percent, Black households at 19 percent, and most significantly, households with children headed by a single woman at 29 percent, according to数据reported by the USDA.
合并后，许多这些家庭主要是由单身女性领导的黑人和拉丁克的低收入家庭。这些低收入家庭的颜色也受到各种重叠问题的影响，粮食不安全只是对清单的另一种补充。BIPOC社区面临的交叉问题，例如缺乏对经济适用住房，低工资和更大的健康问题导致医疗成本提高。从这里我们可以得出结论，粮食不安全不是一个孤立的问题。种族和经济不平等之间存在明显的联系，从缺乏对财政资源和永久性的影响social determinants of health。
How Can We Prevent Food Insecurity?
Addressing the overlapping challenges and intersectional issues BIPOC communities face is an essential first step.
由于健康的社会决定因素，首先了解为什么粮食不安全的情况和原因是直接和最大影响颜色的群落的情况至关重要。这些决定簇包括人们的环境中的条件“出生,生活,学习,工作,娱乐,崇拜,和年龄that affect a wide range of health, functioning and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.”
Even though preventing food insecurity goes far beyond recognizing that it is an increasingly prevalent issue in America and across the globe, it is critical to formulate tangible solutions in determining our next steps. Taking action to mitigate our own impact on contributing to food insecurity requires us to:
Reduce Food Waste
As the climate crisis继续发展，移动气候模式直接影响农业生产，可用性，访问，质量和我们全球食品系统的稳定性。
To combat the effects of climate change, we must first take responsibility for both mitigating the causes of the climate crises and focus on supporting low and middle-income communities who are most directly impacted by its effects.
Reducing the consumption of meat and other animal products and transitioning to plant-based eating can have an immensely positive impact on the availability of food. The impact of plant-based foods—and a global shift to plant farms instead of animal agriculture—will result in a significant decrease in food insecurity.
Since plant-based alternatives require少于牛肉，猪肉，乳制品或家禽的农业用地少,这将给我们的机会to provide more agricultural systems that do not require excessive use of land or resources—such as water or production of crops used for livestock—that could be preserved for global human consumptionto eliminate world hunger。
Not only is animal agriculture a threat to the health of our humanity as it increases the risk of diseases and various forms of cancer, it is a driving force behind the climate crisis. It further contributes to food insecurity as it results in the loss of biodiversity,depletion of freshwater supplies, and stress on food-producing systems。
Ultimately, this will allow for the production of more food to feed populations overall. When we shift from our traditional food systems and intake and transition to plant-based agricultural systems, the amount of communities experiencing food insecurity drastically decreases.
Support BIPOC Farms and Community Nonprofits Fighting for Food Equity
TheNational Black Food and Justice Alliance致力于通过创造互动运动来保护黑色的土地和向食物主权努力工作的争夺性的运动来为黑色城市和农村农民和组织者服务。这个联盟由各种组织组成，例如Black Church Food Security Networkwhich serves to connect churches to Black-led farms, including plant-based ones, across the country from Texas to Massachusetts.